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Eastern Buzzard
Buteo japonicus

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Increasing.

Other Names: 

Buteo japonicus
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Distribution: Indomalayan/Palearctic. Breeds from the Lake Baikal area and MONGOLIA east through Amurland and northeastern CHINA to SAKHALIN ISLAND, JAPAN, and the KURIL ISLANDS south to TIBET and probably northwestern INDIA; winters in southern ASIA from INDIA to eastern and southern CHINA, KOREA, and southern JAPAN. more....

Subspecies: 3 races. B.j. japonicus: Breeds from Lena to the Sea of Okhotsk, Russian Far East, Sakhalin Island, JAPAN, and northeastern CHINA; winters in KOREA, southern JAPAN, and eastern and southern CHINA; B. b. oshiroi: Daito Is. to east of central RYUKYU ISLANDS; B.j. toyoshimai Endemic to Ogasawara Island. more....

Taxonomy: Based on molecular studies, Riesing et al. (2003) and Kruckenhauser et al. (2004) proposed treating populations of japonicus as a full species, and they were followed by Amaral et al. (2009). This taxon has been periodically separated from Buteo buteo since it was described, based on morphological characters.

Movements: Partial migrant, with the most northern breeding populations wintering in more southerly areas. more....

Conservation: Categorized by BirdLife International (2009) as a species of "Least Concern" (under the species account for Buteo buteo).

Important References: 
Brazil, M. 2009. Birds of East Asia: China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and
  Russia. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Griffiths, C.S., G.F. Barrowclough, J.G. Groth, and L.A. Mertz. 2007.
  Phylogeny, diversity, and classification of the Accipitridae based on DNA
  sequences of the RAG-1 exon. Journal of Avian Biology 38:587-602.
Haring, E., L. Kruckenhauser, A. Gamauf, M.J. Riesing, and W. Pinsker.
  2001. The complete sequence of the mitochondrial genome of Buteo buteo
  (Aves, Accipitridae) indicates an early split in the phylogeny of raptors.
  Molecular Biology and Evolution 18:1892-1904.
James, A.H. 1988. Geographic variation in the buzzard Buteo buteo (L.):
  japonicus-group (Aves: Accipitridae). Beaufortia
Kruckenhauser, L., E. Haring, W. Pinsker, M.J. Reising, H. Winkler, M.
  Wink, and A. Gamauf.
2004. Genetic versus morphological differentiation of
  Old World buzzards (genus Buteo; Accipitridae). Zoologica Scripta
Lerner, H.R., and D.P. Mindell. 2005. Phylogeny of eagles, Old World
  vultures, and other Accipitridae based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA.
  Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 37:327-346.
Orta, J. 1994. Eurasian Buzzard. P. 185 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and
  J. Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World
  vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Current Research: This species account is not yet finished.

Last modified: 5/15/2014

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2020. Species account: Eastern Buzzard Buteo japonicus. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 26 May. 2020

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