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Crested Goshawk
Accipiter trivirgatus

Status: Lower risk

Population Trend: Declining.

Other Names: Asian Crested Goshawk, Ceylon Crested Goshawk.

Accipiter trivirgatus
click to enlarge
Distribution: Indomalayan. NEPAL, INDIA, and SRI LANKA east to southern CHINA (Hainan) and TAIWAN south through Indochina to JAVA. more....

Subspecies: 11 races. A. t. castroi: PHILIPPINES (Polillo Is., off Luzon); A. t. extimus: Southeastern PHILIPPINES; A. t. formosae: TAIWAN; A. t. indicus: North-central, northeastern and eastern INDIA and NEPAL to South CHINA and south to INDOCHINA and MALAY PENINSULA; A. t. javanicus: JAVA and BALI; A. t. layardi: SRI LANKA; A. t. microstictus: BORNEO; A. t. niasensis: Western SUMATRA (Nias Is.); A. t. palawanensis: PHILIPPINES (Palawan, Calamianes); A. t. peninsulae: Southwestern INDIA; A. t. trivirgatus: SUMATRA.

Taxonomy: Forms a superspecies with A. griseiceps.

Movements: Irruptive or local migrant, with juveniles dispersing from breeding areas (Bildstein 2006).

Habitat and Habits: Occurs in broad-leafed and coniferous forest, urban parkland, and marshes. Apparently prefers more mature habitats than the similar Besra (A. virgatus). In the Malay Peninsula, it occasionally occurs in mangroves (Parr 1988), but not peatswamp forest, and is widespread in tall evergreen and semi-evergreen lowland forest, mature and recovering from logging, at plains level and on hill-slopes to about 250 m (Wells 1999). It also occurs in edge habitat, far into plantation agriculture, and in well wooded suburbia (Wells op cit.). Usually solitary, but pairs may soar together. more....

Food and Feeding Behavior: Prey items include squirrels, rodents, bats, and birds (Carey et al. 2001). It still-hunts from perches in the lower canopy or in the mid-stratum of forest, and in dense edge cover, taking prey from trees, from the ground, and occasionally in flight (Wells 1999). In the Philippines, it tends to hunt from a perch low in the forest, but sometimes perches on exposed upper branches (Kennedy et al. 2000).more....

Breeding: Builds a stick nest placed in a fork near the top of a tree. The nest is lined with green leaves and material continues to be added during incubation. Clutch size is 2 eggs, which are white and unmarked. Pairs will re-nest after failed attempts. more....

Conservation: Categorized globally as a species of "Least Concern" by BirdLife International (2007).more....

Important References: 
Chen, H. 1997. Observations of the breeding biology and the effects of
  habitat fragmentation on Formosan Crested Goshawks (Accipiter trivirgatus
) in Kenting National Park, Taiwan. M.Sc. thesis, Arkansas State
  University, State University, Arkansas.
Clark, W.S. 1994. Crested Goshawk. P. 145 in del Hoyo, J., A. Elliott, and
  J. Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New World
  vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Mayr, E. 1949. Geographical variation inAccipiter trivirgatus. American
  Museum Novitates no. 1415.
Naoroji, R. 2006. Birds of prey of the Indian subcontinent. Christopher
  Helm, London.
Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton. 2005. Birds of South Asia: the Ripley
  guide. Vols. 1-2. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington,
  D.C. and Barcelona, Spain.

Balakrishnan, Peroth
Chen, Huisheng

Last modified: 5/15/2014

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2021. Species account: Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 28 Nov. 2021

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