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Madagascar Sparrowhawk
Accipiter madagascariensis

Status: Near Threatened

Population Trend: Declining.

Other Names: 

Accipiter madagascariensis
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Distribution: Afrotropical. Endemic to MADAGASCAR. more....

Subspecies: Monotypic.

Taxonomy: Forms a superspecies with A. nisus, A. rufiventris, and possibly the A. striatus complex (Kemp 1994).

Movements: Non-migratory, but juveniles disperse from breeding areas (Bildstein 2006).

Habitat and Habits: Occurs mainly in primary forest, including dry and thorn forests from sea level to 1,500 m (Langrand 1990). Rand (1936) described it as a species that flies low through the trees, perching in inconspicuous places concealed by the foliage. He saw one soaring high above a savanna, but this seems to be unusual for this species. Thiollay (1998) found that it favors dense canopy forest with a relatively open understory, where it perches at middle levels. more....

Food and Feeding Behavior: Feeds mainly on small birds and insects, which it captures on the wing, but also takes reptiles, frogs, turtles, and rodents on the ground. more....

Breeding: Builds a flat stick nest of coarse sticks placed high in the crotch of a forest tree. Three nesting attempts were observed at two different nest sites from 1993-1996 on the Masoala Peninsula (Thorstrom and René de Roland 2000). Clutch size is three eggs, which are white and lightly marked with brown. Rand (1936) reported a nest with eggs from November. more....

Conservation: The status of this species is not well known, but it is probably more common than records indicate because of its unobtrusive habits. Thorstrom and René de Roland (2000) did not regard it as presently threatened, but it will likely be affected by any future deforestation. Categorized globally as "Near Threatened" by BirdLife International, who also state the populations are declining.

Important References: 
BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Lynx Edicions
  and BirdLife International, Barcelona and Cambridge, UK.
Collar, N.J., and S.N. Stuart. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and
  related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. Part I. 3rd ed. International
  Council for Bird Preservation and International Union for Conservation of
  Nature and Natural Resources, Cambridge, UK.
Dee, T.J. 1986. The endemic birds of Madagascar. International Council for
  Bird Preservation, Cambridge, UK.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Herremans, M. 1990. A functional right ovary in a female Madagascar
  Goshawk (Aves Accipitridae). Journal of African Zoology 104:151-155.
Kemp, A.C. 1994. Madagascar Sparrowhawk. Pp. 157-158 in del Hoyo, J., A.
  Elliott, and J. Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New
  World vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
Rand, A.L. 1936. The distribution and habits of Madagascar birds. Bulletin
  of the American Museum of Natural History 72:143-500.
René de Roland, L.-A. 2001. [Comparison of the food habits of three
  Accipiter species in the humid forest of northeast Madagascar.]
  Ostrich Supplement 15:206-209. (In French with English summary)
René de Roland, L.-A., and R. Thorstrom. 2003. Accipiter spp., goshawk and
  sparrowhawks. Pp. 1091-1094 in S.M. Goodman, and J.P. Benstead (eds.), The
  natural history of Madagascar. University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Thorstrom, R., and L.-A. René de Roland. 2000. Status and conservation of
  raptors on the Masoala Peninsula, Madagascar. Pp. 35-41 in R.D. Chancellor
  and B.-U. Meyburg (eds.), Raptors at risk. World Working Group on Birds of
  Prey, Berlin and Hancock House, Blaine, WA.
Thorstrom, R., L.-A. René de Roland, and R.T. Watson. 2003. Falconiformes
  and Strigiformes: ecology and status of raptors. Pp. 1080-1085 in S.M.
  Goodman and J.P. Benstead (eds.), The natural history of Madagascar.
  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.
Wattel, J. 1973. Geographical differentiation in the genus Accipiter.
  Nuttall Ornithological Club Publication no. 13.

Rene de Roland, Lily-Arison

Last modified: 5/15/2014

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2020. Species account: Madagascar Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 6 Jul. 2020

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