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Gundlach's Hawk
Accipiter gundlachi

Status: Endangered

Population Trend: Declining.

Other Names: 


Accipiter gundlachi
click to enlarge
Distribution: Neotropical. Endemic to CUBA. more....

Subspecies: 2 races. A. g. gundlachi : Western and central CUBA. A. g. wileyi : Eastern CUBA.

Taxonomy: Forms a superspecies with A. cooperii, A. bicolor, and A. chilensis (Amadon 1964, Stresemann and Amadon 1979, Sibley and Monroe 1990). Probably derived by "migration dosing" from the Cooper's Hawk (Bildstein 2004).

Movements: Non-migratory (Bildstein 2006).

Habitat and Habits: Not confined to a particular habitat, occurring in forests, forest edges, swamps, wooded coasts, and mangroves below 800 m (Gundlach 1876, Garrido 1985, Wiley 1986, Wotzkow 1991). Secretive and often overlooked.

Food and Feeding Behavior: Preys exclusively on birds, including chickens (Wotzkow 1986, Reynard et al. 1987).

Breeding: Nest cup-shaped structure of sticks and lined with grass, placed above 10 m in a tree, usually close to the trunk and below the canopy. Eggs 2-4, pale bluish-white and unmarked.

Conservation: Poorly studied. Categorized as Endangered by BirdLife International, but Cuban ornithologists regard it as more common and in no immediate danger of extinction (J. Wiley pers. comm.). Garrido and Kirkconnell (2000) regarded it as Vulnerable. It suffers much persecution because it takes chickens, and habitat loss as a result of logging and agricultural conversion is also a problem for this species. more....

Population Estimates: BirdLife International (2011) estimated the total population at 300-400 birds, but this is not based on systematic surveys. Most Cuban ornithologists on the ground suspect that the population is larger.

Important References: 
Bierregaard, R.O. 1994. Gundlach's Hawk. P. 161 in del Hoyo, J., A.
  Elliott, and J. Sargatal (eds). Handbook of birds of the world. Vol. 2. New
  World vultures to guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.
BirdLife International. 2000. Threatened birds of the world. Lynx
  Edicions, Barcelona, Spain, and BirdLife International, Cambridge, UK.
Collar, N.J., L.P. Gonzaga, N. Krabbe, A. Madroño Nieto, L.G. Naranjo,
  T.A. Parker, III, and D.C. Wege.
1992. Threatened birds of the America: the
  ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book. International Council for Bird Preservation,
  Cambridge, UK.
Ferguson-Lees, J., and D.A. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the world. Houghton
  Mifflin, Boston, MA.
Garrido, O.H. 1985. Cuban endangered birds. Pages 992-999 in P.A. Buckley,
  M.S. Foster, E.S. Morton, R.S. Ridgely, and F.G. Buckley (eds.), Neotropical
  ornithology. Ornithological Monographs no. 36. American Ornithologists'
  Union, Washington, D.C.
Reynard, G.B., L.L. Short, O.H. Garrido, and G. Alayon G. 1987. Nesting,
  voice, status, and relationships of the endemic Cuban Gundlach's Hawk
  (Accipiter gundlachi). Wilson Bulletin 99:73-77.
Rodriguez Santana, F. 2004. The order Falconiformes in Cuba: status,
  distribution, migration and conservation. Pp. 835-844 in R.D. Chancellor and
  B.-U. Meyburg (eds.), Raptors worldwide. World Working Group on
  Birds of Prey, Berlin, and MME/BirdLife Hungary, Budapest.
Torres, A., C. Wotzkow, and A. Rams. 1988. [Some considerations on the
  biology of the Eastern Gundlach's Hawk, Accipiter gundlachi wileyi in the
  eastern provinces.] Garciana 10:1-2. (In Spanish)
Wotzkow, C. 1986. Ecological observations of Gundlach's Hawk, Accipiter
  gundlachi
, in Cuba. Birds of Prey Bulletin 4:271-292.
Wotzkow, C. 1988. [New subspecies of Gundlach's Hawk in the eastern region
  of Cuba]. Garciana 9:2-3. (In Spanish)
Wotzkow, C. 1991. New subspecies of Gundlach's Hawk, Accipiter gundlachi
  (Lawrence). Birds of Prey Bulletin 4:271-292.
more....

Sites of Interest:
Birdlife International
Information on current status and conservation actions.

Researchers:
Gallardo Del Angel, Julio Cesar
Rodríguez Santana, Freddy
Wiley, James

Last modified: 5/15/2014

Recommended Citation: Global Raptor Information Network. 2017. Species account: Gundlach's Hawk Accipiter gundlachi. Downloaded from http://www.globalraptors.org on 11 Dec. 2017








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