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Aquila fasciata

Additional details on Conservation:

EUROPE: Endangered. A patchily distributed resident in southern Europe, an area that comprises less than a quarter of its global range. The Iberian Peninsula holds approximately 80% of the European population (López-López et al. 2007). The European breeding population is small (as few as 920 pairs), and it declined substantially between 1970-1990. Although some populations were stable between 1990-2000, the species continued to decline in its Spanish stronghold. Overall, its decline was >20% over two generations, qualifying it for Endangered status in Europe (BirdLife International 2004).

Portugal: Endangered, showing a marked decrease since the 1980s (Real and Mañosa 1997). Persecution by hunters and pigeon fanciers represent a major threat to some populations (Real et al. 2001, Carrete et al. 2002).

Spain: Although about 75% of the European population occurs in Spain, the species has been reclassified from Vulnerable to Endangered (Madroño 2003, Martí and Del Moral 2003). It experienced a severe decline in Spain during recent decades, mainly as the result of powerline accidents and human persecution (Arroyo and Garza 1995, Real and Mañosa 1997, Real et al. 2001, REal 2004). The population is presently thought to be stable or slightly increasing, althuogh it is experiencing a slight decline in some small local populations located at the northern and western extremities of its range (Del Moral 2006).

Morocco: Population declines have occurred in some areas, and the total population was estimated at 500-1,000 pairs in the 1980s (Thévenot et al. 1985).

Croatia: The breeding population is classified as Critically Endangered (Radovíc et al. 2003).

Greece: Vulnerable, but the population is probably stable or declining only slightly (Greek Red Book). Much more widespread in the past (Reiser 1905) than formerly, when one pair even nested on Mt. Penteli, near Athens, as late as the mid-1940s (Steinfatt 1954/55). There are an estimated 85-105 breeding pairs, with over 50% occurring on Crete and other outlying islands (Hellenic Ornithological Society 2000), and this is the second largest Bonelli's Eagle population in Europe (Alivizatos and Bourdakis 2002). The main threats in Greece are hunting, habitat destruction, disturbance at nest sites, and probably food shortages in some areas. The species is blamed (unduly) for killing newborn lambs (HOS op cit.), although the study by Alivizatos and Bourdakis (2002) indicated that goat kids are taken.

India: In a manuscript completed in 1996, Khashar (2003) reported that this species has become scarce in Gujarat as the result of human disturbance of nesting birds and the loss of most large trees suitable as nest sites.

Hong Kong: Has apparently increased in numbers, perhaps as a result of a decline in nest robbing and disturbance (Carey et al. 2001).

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