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Gyps bengalensis

Additional details on Distribution:

Iran: Possible breeding or permanent resident (Scott and Adhami 2006).

Nepal: Formerly the commonest vulture up to about 1,000 m (1,370 m in Kathmandu Valley)and reported as high as 2,440 and 3,100 m in the far eastern portion of the country (Inskipp and Inskipp 1991). The current status of this species is a bit unclear in Nepal as a whole, owing to the diclofenac-induced population decline, but surveys in the 2005-06 breeding season in the Rampur Valley confirmed the presence of five active breeding colonies, with an estimated 124 birds, and 10 active colonies, with an estimated 54 birds, were found in the nearby Syanja and Tanaju Districts (Baral and Gautam 2007).

Bhutan: Formerly an uncommon resident, but now possibly extirpated. Prior to the population crash, it occurred mostly in the foothills, but sometimes higher in the Nyera Amo Chhu Valley up to 1,800 m. There have been no records since 1998 (Spierenburg 2005).

Bangladesh: Breeding resident with two known nesting areas in the northern end of the Sundarbans, where it is seen "quite often" (Monirul and Khan 2009).

Myanmar: Virtually extirpated. Formerly the commonest vulture in Myanmar, being found throughout the plains, but only a visitor to the higher hills except for the vicinity of towns. Was apparently migratory, being absent from May to October (Smythies 1986).

Malay Peninsula: Probably extirpated. Wells (1999) regarded it as very local and sparse, and there have been no subsequent records. Formerly common resident at low elevations south to Kelantan and northern Perak with wanderers reaching Johor and Singapore. Bred in Kedah up to 1950 (Jeyarajasingam and Pearson 1999). Recent vagrant records include four near Ranong in February 1974, one at Thung Thong Reserve in October 1976, and one in Muang district (Satul) in June 1991 (Holmes and Wells 1975, Storer 1978).

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