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Vultur gryphus

Additional details on Conservation:

Colombia: Classified as Endangered (Renjifo et al. 2002). Díaz et al. (2000) estimated a population of 180 birds in Colombia, representing a major increase since the 1980s a the result of an aggressive reintroduction and protection program.

Ecuador: Numbers of the Andean Condor are gradually declining in Ecuador, probably caused entirely by persecution, especially poisoning. This results from the common misperception that condors kill livestock. The species is now absent from suitable habitat in many areas, including Loja Province. A reintroduction program like those underway in Colombia, and Venezuela, should be considered for Ecuador, and perhaps vulture restaurants like those provided for the California Condor and several Old World vulture species, should be established (Ridgely and Greenfield 2001). The Peregrine Fund is considering a project to conduct a photographic survey of condors in Ecuador in order to determing the size and status of the extant population.

Bolivia: Near Threatened (C. Olivo pers.comm.) Ríos-Uzeda and Wallace (2007) used digital photography and video techniques to identify 23 individual male condors in the Apolobamba Mountains of northwestern Bolivia, and by extrapolation, they estimated a population size of 78 condors in the region. They an observed adult to immature ratio of 1:1.5, suggesting a robust rate of reproduction.

Peru: Wallace and Temple (1988) observed an adult:immature ratio of 1:0.52, well below the ratio of 1:1, which is thought to indicate a healthy population. Condors were formerly found commonly at sea bird colonies in Peru, but were extirpated from their former stronghold on the Paracas Peninsula by guano workers to prevent them from feeding on nestling seabirds (Clements 2001).



Chile: Jaksic and Jiménez (1986) regarded the population as declining, and Pincheira-Ulbrich et al. (2008) placed in their "Maximum Priority" category. Sarno et al. (2000) reported an adult:immature ratio of 1:0.23, which is quite low and suggestive of reproductive problems.

Paraguay: Classified as Near Threatened (del Castillo and Clay 2004).
Argentina: The Andean Condor Conservation Project (PCCA) was organized by the Buenos Aires Zoo, Temaikén Foundation, and the Fundación Bioandina Argentina in 1991 to promote the conservation of condors and their habitats along the Andes, using captive breeding and release techniques, rehabilitation of injured birds, population monitoring, and public education (Jácome and Astore 2007).




















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