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Pat Kennedy

Pat Kennedy


Professor at Oregon State University since 2002. I am an off-campus faculty member stationed at the Eastern Oregon Agricultural Experiment Station in Union, OR.

Specialty: Ecology of avian populations and communities in managed landscapes.

Ph.D - 1991 - Biology/Ecology, Utah State University, Logan, UT
M.S. - 1980 - Zoology, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID
B.A. - 1975 - Biology, Colorado College, Colorado Springs, CO

Personal Interests: Travel, skiing, hiking, knitting and yoga.
Hometown: Chicago, IL

Oregon State University
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife  372 South 10th St.,
Union,  OR  97883  United States
Phone: 541-562-5129 Fax: 541-562-5348
Email: pat.kennedy@oregonstate.edu

   Research Interests

My research interests are on the ecology and management of birds with a particular focus on rare and uncommon raptors and passerines in managed landscapes. In these systems I try to understand what factors influence species' populations and community composition and how landscape management influences these factors.

Species of Interest: 
  • Peregrine Falcon
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk
  • Cooper's Hawk
  • Northern Goshawk
  • Zone-tailed Hawk
  • Golden Eagle
  • Burrowing Owl


Book Chapters:

Cartron, J.-L.E., P.L. Kennedy, R. Yaksich, and S.H. Stoleson. 2010. Cooper's Hawk (Accipiter cooperii). Pp. 177-193 in J.-L.E. Cartron (ed.), Raptors of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.

Kennedy, P.L., and J.-L.E. Cartron. 2010. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis). Pp. 195-211 in J.-L.E. Cartron (ed.), Raptors of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.

Tapia, L., P.L. Kennedy, and R.W. Mannan. 2007. Habitat sampling. Pp. 153-169 in D.M. Bird and K. L. Bildstein (eds.), Raptor research and management techniques. Hancock House, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada.

Book Reviews:

Kennedy, P.L. 2008. (Review of) The Goshawk, by Robert Kenward. Auk 125:505-506.

Kennedy, P.L.M. 2000. (Review of) The Northern Goshawk; ecology, behavior, and management in North America, by Thomas Bosakowski. Journal of Raptor Research 34:153-154.

Kennedy, P.L. 1998. (Review of) Raptors in human landscapes: adaptations to built and cultivated environments, edited by David M. Bird, Daniel E. Varland, and Juan J. Negro. Condor 100:584-585.

Kennedy, P.L. 1995. (Review of) Wildlife ecology and management, in The science of wildlife management, by G. Caughley and A. S. Sinclair. Prairie Naturalist. 27:180-181.

Invited Papers:

Kochert, M.N., K. Steenhof, and P.L. Kennedy. 2010. In memoriam, Dr. Carl D. Marti, 1944-2010. Journal of Raptor Research 44:335-336.

Boal, C.W., D.E. Andersen, P.L. Kennedy, and A.M. Roberson. 2006. Northern Goshawk ecology in the western Great Lakes region. Pp. 126-134 in M.L. Morrison (ed.), The Northern Goshawk: a technical assessment of its status, ecology, and management. Studies in Avian Biology no. 31. Cooper Ornithological Society, Ephrata, PA.

Squires, J.R., and P.L. Kennedy. 2006. Northern Goshawk ecology: an assessment of current knowledge and information needs for conservation and management. Pp. 8-62 in M.L. Morrison (ed.), The Northern Goshawk: a technical assessment of its status, ecology, and management. Studies in Avian Biology no. 31. Cooper Ornithological Society, Ephrata, PA.       pdf

Millsap, B.A., P.L. Kennedy, M.A. Byrd, G. Court, J.H. Enderson, and R.N. Rosenfield. 1998. Review of the proposal to de-list the American Peregrine Falcon. Wildlife Society Bulletin 26:522-538.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L. 1998. Evaluating Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus) population status: a reply to Smallwood and Crocker Bedford. Journal of Raptor Research 32:336-342.       pdf

Fontaine, A.S., P.L. Kennedy, and D.H. Johnson. 2004. Effects of distance from cattle water developments on grassland birds. Journal of Range Management 57:238-242.

Kennedy, P.L. 1997. The Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus): is there evidence of a population decline? (Special issue on Responses of Forest Raptors to Management: a Holarctic Perspective). Journal of Raptor Research 31:95-106.       pdf

Refereed Journal Articles:

Lehman, R.N., J.A. Savidge, P.L Kennedy, and R.E. Harness. 2010. Raptor electrocution rates for a utility in the Intermountain Western United States. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:459-470.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L., S.J. DeBano, A.M. Bartuszevige, and A.S. Lueders. 2009. Effects of native and nonnative grassland plant communities on breeding passerines: implications for restoration of northwest bunchgrass prairie. Restoration Ecology 17: 515-525.

Kotliar, N.B., P.L. Kennedy, and K. Ferree. 2007. Avifaunal responses to fire in southwestern montane forests along a burn severity gradient. Ecological Applications 17:491-507.       pdf

Lehman, R.N., P.L. Kennedy, and J.A. Savidge. 2007. The state of the art in raptor electrocution research: a global review. Biological Conservation 126:159-174.       pdf

Lueders, A.S., P.L. Kennedy, and D.H. Johnson. 2006. Influences of management regimes on breeding bird densities and habitat in mixed-grass prairie: an example from North Dakota. Journal of Wildlife Management 70:600-606.       pdf

Morrison, J.L., M. Terry, and P.L. Kennedy. 2006. Potential factors influencing nest defense in diurnal North American raptors. Journal of Raptor Research 40:98-110.       pdf

Boal, C.W., D.E. Andersen, and P.L. Kennedy. 2005. Productivity and mortality of Northern Goshawks in Minnesota. Journal of Raptor Research 39:222-228.       pdf

Boal, C.W., D.E. Andersen and P.L. Kennedy. 2005. Foraging and nesting habitat of Northern Goshawks in the Laurentian Mixed Forest Province, Minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management 69:1516-1527.       pdf

Boyce, D.A., Jr., P.L. Kennedy, P. Beier, M.F. Ingraldi, S.R. MacVean, M.S. Siders, J.R. Squires, and B. Woodbridge. 2005. When are goshawks not there? Is a single visit enough to infer absence at occupied nest areas? Journal of Raptor Research 39:296-302.       pdf

McClaren, E.L., P.L. Kennedy, and D.D. Doyle. 2005. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis laingi) post-fledgling areas on Vancouver Island, British Columbia. Journal of Raptor Research 39:253-263.       pdf

Roberson, A.M., D.E. Andersen, and P.L. Kennedy. 2005. Do breeding phase and detection distance influence the effective area surveyed for Northern Goshawks? Journal of Wildlife Management 69:1240-1250.       pdf

Boal, C.W., D.E. Andersen, and P.L. Kennedy. 2003. Home range and residency status of Northern Goshawks breeding in Minnesota. Condor 105:811-816.        pdf

Dewey, S.R., P.L. Kennedy, and R.M. Stephens. 2003. Are dawn vocalization surveys effective for monitoring goshawk nest-area occupancy? Journal of Wildlife Management 67:390-397.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L., and J.M. Ward. 2003. Effects of experimental food supplementation on movements of juvenile Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus). Behavioral Ecology 13:284-291.

McClaren, E.L., P.L. Kennedy, and S.R. Dewey. 2002. Do some Northern Goshawk nest areas fledge more young than others? Condor 104:434-352.       pdf

McClaren, E.L., P.L. Kennedy, and P.L. Chapman. 2003. Efficacy of male goshawk food-delivery calls in broadcast surveys on Vancouver Island. Journal of Raptor Research 37:198-208.       pdf

Dewey, S.R., and P.L. Kennedy. 2001. Effects of supplemental food on parental-care strategies and juvenile survival of Northern Goshawks. Auk 118:352-365.       pdf

Howard, M.N., S.K. Skagen and P.L. Kennedy. 2001. Does habitat fragmentation influence nest predation in the shortgrass prairie? Condor 103:530-536.       pdf

Orth, P.B., and P.L. Kennedy. 2001. Do land-use patterns influence nest-site selection by Burrowing Owls (Athene cunicularia hypugaea) in northeastern Colorado? Canadian Journal of Zoology 79:1038-1045.       pdf

Estes, W.A., S.R. Dewey, and P.L. Kennedy. 1999. Siblicide at Northern Goshawk nests: does food play a role? Wilson Bulletin 111:432-436.       pdf

Britten, M.W., P.L. Kennedy, and S. Ambrose. 1999. Performance and accuracy evaluation of small satellite transmitters. Journal of Wildlife Management 63:1349-1358.       pdf

O'Toole, L.R., P.L. Kennedy, R.L. Knight, and L.C. McEwen. 1999. Postfledging behavior of Golden Eagles. Wilson Bulletin 111:472-477.       pdf

Ward, J.M., R. Booth, and P.L. Kennedy. 1997. A motorized food box for use in supplemental feeding experiments. Journal of Field Ornithology 68:69-74.       pdf

Siders, M.S., and P.L. Kennedy. 1996. Forest structural characteristics of accipiter nesting habitat: is there an allometric relationship? Condor 98:123-132.       pdf

Ward, J.M., and P.L. Kennedy. 1996. Effects of supplemental food on size and survival of juvenile Northern Goshawks. Auk 113:200-208.       pdf

Candler, G.L., and P.L. Kennedy. 1995. Flight strategies of migrating Osprey: fasting vs. foraging. Journal of Raptor Research 29:85-92.       pdf

Fair, J.M., P.L. Kennedy, and L.C. McEwen. 1995. Diet of nesting Killdeer in North Dakota. Wilson Bulletin 107:174-178.       pdf

Fair, J.M., P.L. Kennedy, and L.C. McEwen. 1995. Effects of carbaryl grasshopper control on nesting Killdeer in North Dakota. Environmental and Toxicological Chemistry 14:881-890.

Kennedy, P.L., D.E. Crowe, and T.F. Dean. 1995. Breeding biology of the Zone-tailed Hawk at the limits of its distribution. Journal of Raptor Research 29:110-116.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L., D.W. Stahlecker, and J.M. Fair. 1995. Organochlorine concentrations in potential avian prey of breeding Peregrine Falcons in north-central New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 40:94-100.

Turchi, G.M., P.L. Kennedy, D. Urban and D. Hein. 1995. Bird species richness in relation to isolation of aspen habitats. Wilson Bulletin 107:463-474.       pdf

Fair, J.M., L.C. McEwen and P.L. Kennedy. 1994. Organochlorine residues in nesting Killdeer and their eggs in North Dakota. Canadian Field-Naturalist 108:328-331.

Siders, M.S., and P.L. Kennedy. 1994. Nesting habitat of accipiter hawks: is body size a consistent predictor of nest habitat characteristics? Studies in Avian Biology 16:92-96.

Ward, J.M., and P.L. Kennedy. 1994. Approaches to investigating food limitation hypotheses in raptor populations: an example using the Northern Goshawk. Studies in Avian Biology 16:114-118.

Kelly, E.J., and P.L. Kennedy. 1993. A dynamic state variable model of mate desertion in Cooper's Hawks. Ecology 74:351-366.

Kennedy, P.L., and D.W. Stahlecker. 1993. Responsiveness of nesting Northern Goshawks to taped broadcasts of 3 conspecific calls. Journal of Wildlife Management 57:249-257.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L., and J.A. Gessaman. 1991. Diurnal resting metabolic rates of accipiters. Wilson Bulletin 103:101-105.       pdf

Morrison, J.L., and P.L. Kennedy. 1989. The use of line transects to evaluate the abundance of diurnal mammalian prey. Journal of Raptor Research 23:172-175.       pdf

Stahlecker, D.W., P.L. Kennedy, A.C. Cully, and C.B. Kuykendall. 1989. Breeding bird communities of the Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River Area, New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 34:487-498.

Kennedy, P.L., and D.R. Johnson. 1986. Prey size selection in nesting male and female Cooper's Hawks. Wilson Bulletin 98:110-115.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L. 1980. Raptor baseline studies in energy development. Wildlife Society Bulletin 8:129-135.       pdf


Kennedy, P.L. 2004. Habitat selection patterns of Northern Goshawks in North America. Invited Lecture. Transcript published in Habitat Management for Endangered Raptors: Habitat Analysis, Conservation and Assessment. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Endangered Raptors, Tokyo, Japan. Raptor Japan, Tokyo, Japan.

Lueders, A.S., P.L. Kennedy, and D.H. Johnson. 2002. (Abstract) The influence of large herbivores on habitat and spatial structure of breeding avian populations in North Dakota mixed grass prairie. P. 347 in D. Chamberlain and A. Wilson (eds.), Avian Landscape Ecology: Pure and Applied Issues in the Large-Scale Ecology of Birds. Proceedings of the Eleventh Annual International Association of Landscape Ecology (UK) Conference, University of East Anglia, 10th -13th September 2002. Colin Cross Printers, Ltd, Garstang, UK.

Kennedy, P.L. 1990. (Abstract) Home ranges of Northern Goshawks nesting in north-central New Mexico. P. 259 in P.R. Krausman and N.S. Smith (eds.), Managing Wildlife in the Southwest. Arizona Chapter of the Wildlife Society, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Kennedy, P.L. 1988. Habitat characteristics of Cooper's Hawks and Northern Goshawks nesting in New Mexico. Pp. 218-227 in R.L. Glinski, B.G. Pendleton, M.B. Moss, M.N. LeFranc, Jr., B.A. Millsap, and S.W. Hoffman (eds.), Proceedings of the Southwest Raptor Management Symposium and Workshop, 21-24 May 1986, University of Arizona, Tucson. National Wildlife Federation, Washington, D.C.

Technical Reports:

Bartuszevige, A.M., and P.L. Kennedy. 2009. Synthesis of knowledge on the effects of fire and thinning treatments on understory vegetation in U.S. dry forests. Special Report 1095. Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. 132 pp.

Kennedy, P.L., and J.B. Fontaine. 2009. Synthesis of knowledge on the effects of fire and fire surrogates on wildlife in U.S. dry forests. Oregon State University, Agricultural Experiment Station Special Report 1096. 132 pp.       pdf

Kennedy, P.L. 2003. Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus): a technical conservation assessment. U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Species Conservation Project, Fort Collins, CO.

Roberson, A.M., D.E. Andersen, and P.L. Kennedy. 2003. The Northern Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus) in the Western Great Lakes Region: a technical conservation assessment: final report to U.S. Forest Service. Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, St. Paul, MN.       pdf

Boal, C.W., D.E. Andersen, and P.L. Kennedy. 2001. Home range and habitat use of Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) in Minnesota. Minnesota Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit, St. Paul, MN.

Ebinger, M.H., P.L. Kennedy, O.B. Myers, W. Clements, H.T. Bestgen and R.J. Beckman. 1996. Long-term fate of depleted uranium at Aberdeen and Yuma Proving Grounds, Phase II: Human health and ecological risk assessments. LA-13156-MS. Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM, USA.

Reynolds, R.T., R.T. Graham, M.H. Reiser, R.L. Bassett, P.L. Kennedy, D.A. Boyce, Jr., G. Goodwin, R. Smith, and E.L. Fisher. 1992. Management recommendations for the Northern Goshawk in the Southwestern United States. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, General Technical Report RM-217:1-90.

Dissertation and thesis:

Kennedy, P.L. 1991. Reproductive strategies of Northern Goshawks and Cooper's Hawks in north-central New Mexico. Ph.D. dissertation, Utah State University, Logan, UT. 222 pp.

Kennedy, P.L. 1980. Prey size selection patterns of nesting male and female Cooper's Hawks (Accipiter cooperii). M.Sc. thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow, ID. 34 pp.

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