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Jeff Smith
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Jeff Smith

   Biography

Jeff is an experienced wildlife ecologist and ornithologist with particular expertise in raptor biology, ecology, and conservation. In March 2010, he joined the ecological consulting team at H. T. Harvey & Associates (HTH) in California as a senior wildlife ecologist to provide raptor expertise and coordinate projects that increase understanding of wildlife effects and mitigation measures associated with wind-energy development.
Before joining HTH, Jeff served for 13 years as a research scientist and ultimately Science Director at HawkWatch International, a non-profit organization headquartered in Utah that is dedicated to raptor conservation. There he coordinated a network of long-term raptor migration monitoring and research efforts in 9 western states, Texas, and Florida. His research emphasized developing effective long-term monitoring strategies and raptor movement ecology. He also developed an extensive raptor nesting study in the northern Great Basin and coordinated several other projects that addressed and mitigated human-related threats to raptors.
Jeff received his B.A. in Zoology from the University of California at Santa Barbara in 1981, his M.Sc. in Biology-Ecology from Utah State University in 1988, his Ph.D. in Forest Resources and Conservation (Wildlife Ecology) from the University of Florida in 1994. He also completed a 2½-year post-doctoral appointment at Oregon State University working in conjunction with the USGS Biological Resources Division, during which time he coordinated development the Pacific Northwest chapter of a USGS report on the status biological resources in the US, and a research problem analysis for the on-going Cooperative Forest Ecosystem Research Program.
He has served on the Board of Directors and as Scientific Program Chair for the Raptor Research Foundation, and as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Raptor Research since 2008. He has published more than 50 peer-reviewed scientific manuscripts.

H. T. Harvey and Associates
980 University Ave., Building D  
Los Gatos,  California  95032  United States
Phone: 408-458-3245 Fax: 408-458-3210
Email: jsmith@harveyecology.com


   Research Interests

Raptor movement/migration ecology.
Raptor community and nesting ecology.
Effects of human activities, especially energy development, on raptor communities and associated ecosystems, especially in regards to understanding and mitigating effects on wildlife of wind energy facilities.
Long-term population monitoring through nesting and migration studies.
Particular expertise/interest in:
1) raptor migration ecology in western North America;
2) nesting ecology of Great Basin raptors including Golden Eagles, Prairie Falcons, Red-tailed, Ferruginous and Swainson's Hawks, and Burrowing Owls; and
2) movement ecology of Golden Eagles, Red-tailed Hawks, and NA accipiters.

Species of Interest: 
  • Flammulated Owl
  • Burrowing Owl
  • Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  • Pandion haliaetus
  • Ictinia mississippiensis
  • Falco peregrinus
  • Falco sparverius
  • Falco mexicanus
  • Falco columbarius
  • Elanoides forficatus
  • Circus cyaneus
  • Cathartes aura
  • Buteo lineatus
  • Buteo swainsoni
  • Buteo regalis
  • Buteo platypterus
  • Buteo lagopus
  • Buteo jamaicensis
  • Accipiter striatus
  • Accipiter gentilis
  • Accipiter cooperii
  • Aquila chrysaetos


   Publications

Slater, S.J., and J.P. Smith. 2010. Effectiveness of raptor perch deterrents on an electrical transmission line in southwestern Wyoming. Journal of Wildlife Management 74:1080–1088.

Farmer, C.J., and J.P. Smith. 2010. Seasonal differences in migration counts of raptors: utility of spring counts for population monitoring. Journal of Raptor Research 44:101–112.       pdf

Smith, J.P., S.J. Slater, and M.C. Neal. 2010. An assessment of the effects of oil and gas field activities on nesting raptors in the Rawlins, Wyoming and Price, Utah Field Offices of the Bureau of Land Management. BLM Technical Note 433. USDI Bureau of Land Management, Utah State Office, Salt Lake City, Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, and Colorado State Office, Lakewood. 63 pp.

Neal, M.C., J.P. Smith, and S.J. Slater. 2010. Artificial nest structures as mitigation for natural-gas development impacts to Ferruginous Hawks (Buteo regalis) in south-central Wyoming. BLM Technical Note 434. USDI Bureau of Land Management, Utah State Office, Salt Lake City, Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, and Colorado State Office, Lakewood. 16 pp.

Slater, S.J., and J.P. Smith. 2010. Accipiter use of pinyon-juniper habitats for nesting in northwestern Colorado. BLM Technical Note 435. USDI Bureau of Land Management, Utah State Office, Salt Lake City, Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, and Colorado State Office, Lakewood. 21 pp.

Smith, J.P., S.J. Slater, and M.C. Neal. 2010. Recommendations for improved raptor nest monitoring in association with oil and gas development activities. BLM Technical Note 436. USDI Bureau of Land Management, Utah State Office, Salt Lake City, Wyoming State Office, Cheyenne, and Colorado State Office, Lakewood. 26 pp.

Smith, J.P. 2010. Raptor migration in New Mexico. Pages 29–67 in J.-L. E. Cartron (Editor), Raptors of New Mexico. University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, NM.

Farmer, C.J., and J.P. Smith. 2009. Migration monitoring indicates widespread declines of American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) in North America. Journal of Raptor Research 43:263-273.       pdf

Ruelas I., E., L.J. Goodrich, S.W. Hoffman, E. Martínez L., J.P. Smith, E. Peresbarbosa R., R. Rodríguez M., K.L. Scheuermann, S.L. Mesa O., Y. Cabrera C., N. Ferriz, R. Straub, M. Peñaloza P., and J.G. Barrios. 2009. Long-term conservation of migratory birds in México: the Veracruz River of Raptors project. Pages 577-589 in T.D. Rich, C. Arizmendi, D. Demarest, and C. Thompson (Editors), Tundra to tropics: connecting birds, habitats and people. Proceedings of the 4th International Partners in Flight Conference, 13-16 February 2008, McAllen, Texas. University of Texas-Pan American Press, Edinburg, TX.

Smith, A.D., C.A. Lott, J.P. Smith, K.C. Donohue, S. Wittenberg, K. G. Smith, and L. Goodrich. 2009. Deuterium measurements of raptor feathers: does a lack of reproducibility compromise geographic assignment? Auk 126:41-46.

Smith, A.D., C.A. Lott, J.P. Smith, K. C. Donohue, S. Wittenberg, K.G. Smith, and L. Goodrich. 2009. Poor reproducibility and inference in hydrogen-stable isotope studies of avian movement: a reply to Wunder et al. 2009. Auk 126:926-931.

Bildstein, K.L., J.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (Editors). 2008. (Book) State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC.

Goodrich, L. J., and J.P. Smith. 2008. Raptor migration in North America. Pages 37–153 in K.L. Bildstein, J.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (Editors), State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC.

Smith, J.P., C.J. Farmer, S.W. Hoffman, K.Z. Woodruff, G.S. Kaltenecker, and P. Sherrington. 2008. Trends in autumn counts of migratory raptors in western North America. Pages 217–252 in K.L. Bildstein, J.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (Editors), State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC.       pdf

Smith, J.P., C.J. Farmer, S.W. Hoffman, C.A. Lott, L. J. Goodrich, J. Simon, C. Riley, and E. Ruelas Inzunza. 2008. Trends in autumn counts of migratory raptors around the Gulf of Mexico. Pages 253–278 in K.L. Bildstein, J.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (Editors), State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC.

Farmer, C., L. Goodrich, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and J.P. Smith. 2008. Conservation status of North America’s birds of prey. Pages 303–420 in K.L. Bildstein, J.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (Editors), State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC.

Bildstein, K.L. , J.P. Smith, and E. Ruelas Inzunza. 2008. The future of raptor migration monitoring. Pages 435–446 in K.L. Bildstein, J.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, and R.R. Veit (Editors), State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Series in Ornithology 3. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA, and American Ornithologist’s Union, Washington, DC.

Hull, J.M., A.C. Hull, B.N. Sacks, J.P. Smith, H.B. Ernest. 2008. Landscape characteristics influence morphological and genetic differentiation in a widespread raptor (Buteo jamaicensis). Molecular Ecology 17:810-824.

Bildstein, K.L., J.P. Smith, and R. Yosef. 2007. Migration counts and monitoring. Pages 101-116 in D. M. Bird and K.L. Bildstein and (Editors), Raptor research and management techniques. Raptor Research Foundation, and Hancock House Publishers, Surrey, BC, Canada, and Blaine, WA USA.

Hull, J.M., W. Savage, J.P. Smith, N. Murphy, L. Cullen, A.C. Hutchins, and H.B. Ernest. 2007. Hybridization among buteos: Swainson’s Hawks (Buteo swainsoni), Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). Wilson Journal of Ornithology 119:579-584.

Lott, C.A., and J.P. Smith. 2006. A geographic-information-system approach to estimating the origin of migratory raptors in North America using stable hydrogen isotope ratios in feathers. Auk 123:822-835.       pdf

McBride, T.J., J.P. Smith, H.P. Gross, and M. Hooper. 2004. Blood lead and ALAD activity levels of migratory Cooper’s Hawks (Accipiter cooperii) in the southern Rocky Mountains. Journal of Raptor Research 38:118-124.

Hoffman, S.W., and J.P. Smith. 2005. Do Golden Eagles warrant special concern based on migration counts in the western United States? Reply to McCaffery and McIntyre. Condor 107:473-475.

Hoffman, S.W., and J.P. Smith. 2003. Population trends of migratory raptors in western North America, 1977-2001. Condor 105:397-419.       pdf

Hoffman, S.W., J.P. Smith, and T.D. Meehan. 2002. Breeding grounds, winter ranges, and migratory routes of raptors in the Mountain West. Journal of Raptor Research 36:97-110.       pdf

Smith, J.P., and S.W. Hoffman. 2000. The value of extensive raptor migration monitoring in western North America. Pages 597-615 in R. D. Chancellor and B.-U. Meyburg, editors. Raptors at risk. Proceedings of the Vth World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls, Midrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 4-11 August 1998. World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls, Berlin, Germany, and Hancock House Publishers, BC and WA.



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