Home | Species Database | Species Accounts | Bibliography | Researchers | Related Sites | Login

Michael P. Wallace

Michael P. Wallace


Dr. Michael (Mike) Wallace has served the Zoological Society of San Diego as a wildlife scientist in the Applied Animal Ecology Division of CRES since 1989. He coordinates the reintroduction program of the endangered California condor in Baja California, Mexico. He is the California condor species coordinator for the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) and Condor Recovery Team leader for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Mike earned a bachelor’s degree in wildlife science from Unity College (Unity, Maine) in 1973. He earned a master’s degree in wildlife ecology at the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1979, followed by a doctorate degree in wildlife ecology in 1985 from his study of the Andean Condor in Peru. He has participated in numerous field research projects throughout North and South America, and has extensive experience in techniques for wildlife capture, marking, and census. Mike has supervised the release of captive-produced California Condors in the Sierra San Pedro Martir, Baja California Norte, Mexico since the inception of that project.

Conservation and Research for Endangered Species (CRES)
Zoological Society of San Diego  P.O. Box 120551
San Diego,  CA  92112  United States
Phone: (760) 742-2347 (office); (760) 670-7099 (cell)
Email: condors450@hughes.net

   Research Interests

No notes have been entered at this time.

Species of Interest: 
  • California Condor
  • Andean Condor


Rideout, B.A., I. Stalls, R. Papendick, A. Pessier, B. Puschner, M.E. Finkelstein, D.R. Smith, M. Johnson, M. Mace, R. Stroud, J. Brandt, J. Burnett, C. Parish, J. Petterson, C. Witte, C. Stringfield, K. Orr, J. Zuba, M. Wallace, and J. Grantham. 2012. Patterns of mortality in free-ranging California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 48:95-112.       pdf

Bukowinski, A.T., F.B. Bercovitch, A.C. Alberts, M.P. Wallace, M.E. Mace, and S. Ancona. 2007. A quantitative assessment of the California Condor mentoring program. Pp. 197-212 in A. Mee and L.S. Hall (eds.), California Condors in the 21st century. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Clark, M., M.P. Wallace, and C. David. 2007. Rearing California Condors for release using a modified puppet-rearing technique. Pp. 213-226 in A. Mee and L.S. Hall (eds.), California Condors in the 21st century. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Mee, A., B.A. Rideout, J.A. Hamber, J.N. Todd, G. Austin, M. Clark, and M.P. Wallace. 2007. Junk ingestion and nestling mortality in a reintroduced population of California Condors Gymnogyps californianus. Bird Conservation International 17:119-130.

Wallace, M.P., M. Clark, J. Vargas, and M.C. Porras. 2007. Release of puppet-reared California Condors in Baja California, an evaluation of a modified rearing technique. Pp. 227-242 in A. Mee and L.S. Hall (eds.), California Condors in the 21st century. Nuttall Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA and American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, D.C.

Wallace, M., and A. Alberts. 2005. Re-introduction of the California Condor to Baja California, Mexico. Re-introduction News 24:27-28.

Harvey, N.C., J.D. Dankovchik, C.M. Kuehler, T. Levites, S. Kasielke, L. Kiff, M.P. Wallace, and M.E. Mace. 2004. Egg size, fertility, hatchability, and chick survivability in captive California Condors (Gymnogyps californianus). Zoo Biology 23:489-500.

Mee, A., G. Austin, M. Barth, C. Beestman, T. Smith, and M. Wallace. 2004. Courtship behaviour in reintroduced California Condors: evidence for extra-pair copulations and female mate guarding. Pp. 75-81 in R.D. Chancellor and B.-U. Meyburg (eds.), Raptors worldwide. World Working Group on Birds of Prey, Berlin and MME-BirdLife Hungary, Budapest.

Wallace, M.P. 2000. Retaining natural behaviour in captivity for re-introduction programmes. Pp. 300-314 in Behaviour and conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

Kiff, L.F., R.I. Mesta, and M.P. Wallace. 1996. Recovery plan for the California Condor. 3rd revision. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, Portland, OR.

Wallace, M. 1991. Methods and strategies for the release of California Condors to the wild. Pp. 121-128 in AAZPA Annual Conference Proceedings.

Toone, W.D., and M.P. Wallace. 1994. The extinction in the wild and reintroduction of the California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus). Pp. 411-419 in P.J.S. Olney, G.M. Mace, and T.C. Feistner (eds.), Creative conservation: interactive management of wild and captive animals. Chapman and Hall, London.

Wallace, M.P. 1994. Control of behavioral development in the context of reintroduction programs for birds. Zoo Biology 13:491-499.

Wallace, M.P., M. Fuller, and J. Wiley. 1994. Patagial transmitters for large vultures and condors. Pp. 381-387 in R.D. Chancellor and B.-U. Meyburg (eds.), Raptor conservation today. World Working Group on Birds of Prey, Berlin.

Wallace, M. 1993. California Condor status report. Vulture News 28:8-10.

Wallace, M., and W. Toone. 1992. Captive management for the long-term survival of the California Condor. In D.R. McCullough and R.H. Barrett (eds.), Wildlife 2001: populations. Elsevier Applied Science, London.

Wallace, M. 1990. The California Condor: current efforts for its recovery. Endangered Species Update 8(1):32-35.

Kiff, L.F., M.P. Wallace, and N.B. Gale. 1989. Eggs of captive Crested Eagles (Morphnus guianensis). Journal of Raptor Research 23:107-108.

Temple, S.A., and M.P. Wallace. 1989. Survivorship patterns in a population of Andean Condors Vultur gryphus. Pp. 247-251 in B.-U. Meyburg and R.D. Chancellor (eds.), Raptors in the modern world. World Working Group on Birds of Prey, Berlin.

Wallace, M.P. 1989. Andean Condor experimental releases to enhance California Condor recovery. Endangered Species Update 6:1-4.

Wallace, M.P., and S.A. Temple. 1988. Impacts of the 1982-1983 El Niño on population dynamics of Andean Condors in Peru. Biotropica 20:144-150.

Leete, A., and M. Wallace. 1987. Condor watch: an intimate view. Zoonooz 60:8-10.

Snyder, N.F.R., and M.P. Wallace. 1987. Reintroduction of the Thick-billed Parrot in Arizona. Pp. 360–384 in A.C. Risser (ed.), Second Jean Delacour/IFCB Symposium on Breeding Birds in Captivity. International Foundation for the Conservation of Birds, North Hollywood, CA.

Wallace, M.P., and S.A. Temple. 1987. Releasing captive-reared Andean Condors to the wild. Journal of Wildlife Management 51:541-550.

Wallace, M.P., and S.A. Temple. 1987. Competitive interactions within and between species in a guild of avian scavengers. Auk 104:290-295.

Wallace, M.P. 1986. Some observations on birds of prey in Peru. Birds of Prey Bulletin 3:80-81.

Schoonmaker, P.K., M.P. Wallace, and S.A. Temple. 1985. Migrant and breeding Peregrine Falcons in Northwestern Peru. Condor 87:423-424.

Wallace, M.P., and S.A. Temple. 1985. A comparison between raptor and vulture hacking techniques. Pp. 75-81 in D.K. Garcelon and G.W. Roemer (eds.), International Symposium on Raptor Reintroduction. Institute for Wildlife Studies, Arcata, CA.

Wallace, M.P., P.G. Parker, and S.A. Temple. 1980. An evaluation of patagial markers for cathartid vultures. Journal of Field Ornithology 51:309-314.

Home | Species Database | Species Accounts | Bibliography | Researchers | Related Sites | Login

Copyright © 1999-2012 The Peregrine Fund. All Rights Reserved.